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Seoul Information

Seoul Information



A Brief Introduction of Seoul 

Seoul Official Name: Seoul Teukbyeol-si Location: Central west on the Korean Peninsula Geography: Hangang (River) flows through Seoul from east to west and mountains surround the city. Bukhansan (Mt.) and Dobongsan (Mt.) are to the north of Seoul, Geomdansan (Mt.) to the east and Gwanaksan (Mt.) and Cheongyesan (Mt.) to the south. Population: 10,528,774 (2011) Surface Area: 605.33 sq.km Governing Area: 25 Jachigu 467 dong (2011) Language: Korean (Japanese, English and Chinese available in main tourist areas) Religion: Christianity 25%, Buddhism 25%, and other Climate: Seoul has four distinct seasons. Spring starts of cool, but gradually warms up, summer is hot and humind, fall is cool, and winter is generally cold and dry. Temperatures during the summer rise above 30℃, but the average annual temperature is around 11℃, which is considered to be lower than other cities. Average annual rainfall is around 1,370mm; rainfall from June to September make up 70% of the total annual rainfall.

seoulSeoul, the Capital of Korea Seoul is the capital and largest metropolis of Korea. Home to over 10 million citizens, Seoul is one of the largest cities in the world. Renamed after the independence of Korea in 1946, the word "seoul" is derived from a Korean word meaning "capital city".  Seoul is roughly divided into northern and southern halves by the Hangang (River) and is surrounded by vast mountain.  This fast-paced and high tech city embraces both tradition and modernity, making it a very unique city.
The area of present-day Seoul was first established as a capital for the Korean people with the founding of the Baekjae Kingdom in 18 BC. The kingdom kept Wiryeseong, present-day Seoul, as its capital for 476 years.  
The area of present-day Seoul ended its role as a capital city after 476 years when Baekjae relocated its capital to the area of present-day Gongju. Soon after, Baekjae, Goguryeo and Silla fought for the control of the area near the Hangang (River), indicating the strategic importance of Seoul in the Korean peninsula. In 1394, after the Unified Silla Era and the Goryeo Era, the area of present-day Seoul became the capital once again, and since then has developed into the cultural and economic center of Korea.
Seoul, which was called “Hanyang” during the Joseon Dynasty and “Gyeongseongbu” during the Japanese Occupation, was renamed to “Seoul” after Korean’s independence on August 15th of 1945. In 1946, Seoul became a “do”, a reference to a specific type of region, and was chosen as the capital with the establishment of the Korean government.
Seoul, the Icon of Korean Culture Seoul is the cultural center of Korea with five ancient palaces and five World Heritage Sites designated by UNESCO; over 700 museums, including the National Museum of Korea and the National Folk Museum; and hundreds of performace centers and galleries.
With five ancient palaces and five World Heritage Sites designated by UNESCO, Seoul is the living history of the Joseon Dynasty.  Experience life in the past at the Bukchon Hanok (traditional Korean houses) Village, traditional arts performaces or with traditional Korean food.  
History and tradition is not the only thing that Seoul has to offer. Seoul also embraces modern era with a strong foundation of high-tech technology and infastructure and a number of world class performances like "NANTA", "JUMP", and B-boy performances.
Seoul is now one of the largest economies in the world and has become a center of economics and culture in Asia. The city is now pursues various policies to help perserve the enviornment such as using green vehicles and developing and perserving natural parks and trails within the city.

 

The Republic of Korea 1945 - Present   

Seoul History
 
Seoul History-present
Seoul History-japanese imperialism
Seoul History-great korean empire
Seoul History-joseon
Seoul History-goryeo
Seoul History-north south states period
Seoul History-era of three states
Seoul History-gojoseon era
1945 Liberation of Korea
 
1948 Seoul becomes the capital of Korea
 
1949 Seoul officially renamed “Seoul Teukbyeol-si"
 
1961 Korea's first apartment complex
 
1969 Namsan Tunnel 1 and 2 constructed
 
1974 Korea's first subway line
 
1986 Hosted the Seoul Asian Games
 
1988 Hosted the Seoul Olympics
 
2000 Hosted the ASEM Conference
 
2002 Hosted the Korea-Japan World Cup
 
2005 Seoul Forest opens
 
2008 Dongdaemun Design Plaza established   Hosted the Seoul Design Plaza 2008
The Republic of Korea
Following the end of the 35 year Japanese occupation of Korea and the end of WWII in 1945, the Allied forces unilaterally decided to divide Korea at the 38th parallel, with the north under Soviet occupation and the south under the US. In 1950, the north starts the Korean War by invading the south, which left the Korean peninsula devestated.  In the 1960s, South Korea saw unprecedented economical developments, which is referred to as the ‘miracle of the Han River.’ With continued economic  growth and technological advancements, South Korea hosted the 1988 Summer Olympics and the World Cup in 2002.  In 2002, the nation was ranked 11th largest economy in the world.

Symbol of Seoul 

HAECHI

Creation Background With the need of a symbol which represents the size and reputation of the city of Seoul for the sake of Seoul’s competitive edge and brand worth, a creative icon which contains the qualities and distinguishing characteristics of Seoul was invented.
Selection Process For the creation of a symbol of Seoul, the city of Seoul chose 27 symbols of the city related to its history, culture and tourism, and among these, Haechi was chosen by the citizens on May 13th of 2008.

 

Meaning of Haechi "Haechi" is the representative mark of Seoul which was created to give dreams and hopes to Seoul’s citizens while expressing the city’s history, tradition and culture.

The dictionary definition of "Haechi" is "an imaginary animal which judges between good and evil.” As a symbol which distinguishes between good and evil, it also represents an identity which prevents various disasters while bringing luck and happiness. Therefore, it can also be considered as a guardian of Seoul.
Future Plans for the Use of Haechi The future plan is to use "Haechi" as a global marketing item which represents the city of Seoul, as in the case of the Merlion of Singapore and the bear of Berlin, so that the word "Seoul" can conjure up on image of Haechi in people’s minds all across the globe.

Daily Statistics of Seoul   

※ Source: 2011 Seoul Statistics Database (Population migration statistics from 2009; Municipal waste generation figures from 2010.) www.visitseoul.net

 

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